Essay about What´s Lupus?

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Lupus
Lupus is a chronic autoimmune rheumatic disease that affects the immune system. According to the Lupus Foundation of America, an estimated of 1.5 million of the U.S. population has been diagnosed with lupus. Women are around ten times more likely to be affected with lupus in comparison to men. Although this disease is most common for women, it may also affect men and children of all ages. (Eustice, 2012). Being diagnosed with lupus can change a person’s life emotionally, physically, and financially, depending on how the person takes it and how they lived their life before being diagnosed with lupus. (Pratt and Hallegua, 2002)
Pathophysiology
Lupus is a disease of the immune system where it can lead to damaging any part of the
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Being diagnosed with lupus involving the kidneys can be life threatening and may develop in half from those with this disease. If the heart and lungs are affected by lupus it is usually caused through inflammation of the pericardium and pleura. The cause of lupus is unknown, but factors like viruses, environmental chemicals, and a person’s genes can add to the development of lupus. (Lupus Health Center, 2009)

Clinical Manifestation
Lupus is considered to be an unpredictable disease, where there are no cases identical to each other. Each person diagnosed with it may have different mixes of signs and symptoms. Considering each case of lupus is unique, someone with lupus may have a frequently mild course of the disease without any serious organs being involved. Another person with lupus can have their internal organs affected without knowing, however can only be determined by lab tests. Furthermore another person diagnosed with lupus may go through a cycle of symptoms, for example the disease can start at the skin, around the heart, affecting towards the gastrointestinal track and right back to the skin. (Pratt and Hallegua, 2002). There are many signs and symptoms because lupus can affect any part of the body. Having chest pain when breathing deeply, a butterfly shaped rash across the cheek and nose, hair loss, sensitivity to sunlight, seizures, mouth and nose sores, along with fingers and toes turning

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