Essay on What is Placenta Previa_

984 Words 4 Pages
Introduction
Placenta previa is an implantation of the placenta in the lower uterine segment, near or over the internal cervical os, and is usually seen in the third trimester. This tends to occur in 1 out of every 200 pregnancies, can be caused by many different reasons and there several different types. Some reasons researches are looking into include race, ethnicity and drinking alcohol during pregnancy. Placenta previa can be a very scary diagnosis for a pregnant mom but knowing what to look for, seeking medical treatment early and by complying with doctors’ orders, mothers can have a safe delivery and a happy, healthy baby.
Disease Process The Placenta moves as the womb stretches and grows during pregnancy. Commonly, the placenta
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Women who smoke or have children at an older age in life may also be at risk for developing placenta previa.
Studies on Placenta Previa Currently, there are studies being conducted to determine if race and ethnicity play a part in placenta previa. “A large retrospective cohort study that included 1,580 women with placenta previa shows that Asian women, followed by African American women, had a higher prevalence of placenta previa than Caucasian women. When controlling for potential confounders such as maternal age, multiple gestations and prior cesarean delivery, Asian and African American women were still significantly more likely to have a pregnancy complicated by placenta previa, compared to Caucasian women” (Kim, Caughtney, Laguardia, & Escobar, 2011). If these studies are accurate, this could help women of those racial groups be more proactive about ways to identify placenta previa and ensure that they have a safe pregnancy. Other studies are being done to see if alcohol consumption during pregnancy is a contributing factor to placenta previa. According to the Maternal & Child Health Journal, there is an elevated risk of placental abruption but not placenta previa among women who consumed alcohol during pregnancy (Aliya, et al., 2010). This study also showed data demonstrating that alcohol consumption during pregnancy is decreasing, although there are still many pregnant

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