Although the Gracchi were motivated by a genuine concern for the welfare of Rome, ultimately their actions (and the events surrounding these) contributed to the decline of the Replublic.
-Assess the validity of this statement.
Around the time of which Tiberius and Gaius Gracchi gained power through being voted by the popular assembly, Rome was already in crisis, one of the reasons owing to the shrinking army force. Thus although the Gracchi were motivated by a genuine concern for the welfare of Rome, ultimately their actions (and the events surrounding these) contributed to the decline of the Republic, but did not play a significant part. These ambitious brothers saw that changes must be made before the situation got worse; their land
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These are just two of the many proposals Tiberius had made during his time as Tribune. Thus not only did these actions “individually [have] precedents or constitutional justification” (), but made him very unpopular with his own wealthy class who “saw their privileges under challenge” (Koutsoukis): he was seen as “a dangerous radical, a traitor to his own class” (same author). Opposed by the Senate and refused funding for the land redistribution to proceed, after the death of King Attalus of Pergamum and learning that the king had left estate to the Roman people, Tiberius “at once announced that this money would be used by the land commissioners” (Koutsoukis). By this Tiberius “threatened its traditional control over foreign policy” and “challenged its right to say how public funds should be spent” (same author), ultimately causing much disruption in the state’s government.
Gaius Gracchus, the younger Gracchus brother, though was motivated by a genuine concern for the welfare of Rome, his reformist beliefs and hence actions (and the events surrounding these) also and perhaps more significantly ultimately contributed to the decline of the Republic. According to Koutsoukis, Gaius said