Essay on The Partitioning of Ireland in 1921

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The Partitioning of Ireland in 1921

In this essay I am going to explain why Irelandwas partitioned into two parts in 1921. The two partitioned parts are known today as Northern Ireland (Ulster) and The Republic of Ireland (Eire). Ireland was partitioned in 1921 after an agreement was made by the Anglo-Irish Treaty which was finally passed by the House of Commons without it being blocked by the House of Lords. In my essay I will describe of the factors, which contributed to the partition in Ireland in 1921. These factors are: the religious reasons, the political reasons, the conflict over land, the hatred of the English by Catholics, the growth of violence in Irelandand the problems with the British
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Unionists are from the Protestant community. Many Unionists descended from Scottish and English Immigrants who came to Northern Ireland (Ulster) during the 17th century plantation. Unionists now form the majority of the population in Northern Ireland (Ulster) and they want to remain part of Great Britain. Unionism came about in 1800 when the act of Union was setup.

Nationalists are from the Catholic community and want Ireland to be a democratic country again. Nationalists want their land back which was taken away when the penal laws were introduced in 1695. There were two types of Nationalist; a peaceful, non-violent Nationalist and a violent Nationalist.

The Nationalists were the more violent political side and they were determined to make Ireland into a democratic country again. To do this they set created the Home Rule bill. Home Rule was a political bill which was created by the Nationalists and approved by the House of Commons which was supposed to help Ireland become a democratic country again but each time the bill was blocked by the House of Lords.

The Penal Laws were setup after William of Orange won the battle of Boyne in 1690. The defeat by the Protestant side took away a great deal of authority from the Irish and handed it over to the English, but still the Catholics had the potential power to overthrow the protestants

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