The Opposing Views of Great Minds Essay

1041 Words 5 Pages
The Opposing Views of Great Minds

The word metaphysics is defined as “The study or theory of reality; sometimes used more narrowly to refer to transcendent reality, that is, reality which lies beyond the physical world and cannot therefore be grasped by means of the senses.” It simply asks what is the nature of being? Metaphysics helps us to reach beyond nature as we see it, and to discover the `true nature' of things, their ultimate reason for existing. There are many ways to approach metaphysics. Two of the earliest known thinkers on the topic are Plato and Aristotle. These two philosophers had ideas that held very contrasting differences that can be narrowed into a strong, select few. Both of the two thinkers approached
…show more content…
There is what appears real and what is real. Plato believed that everything real takes on a form but doesn't embody that form. This is the position of Plato that there are “two worlds”, the being and the becoming.

These two different approaches lead to the biggest idea that Plato and Aristotle differed on: their view on forms. Plato originated the Theory of Forms. Plato saw forms a descriptions. A form applies to more than a single thing, such as something as good. For Plato, two or more items (flagstones) can both be said to be round if they participate in the Form roundness. According to Plato, the Form roundness exists apart or separately from individual flagstones (and other round things). Round things depend upon the Form roundness for their existence. So Plato's answer to the basic metaphysical question - what is reality? - is that fundamentally it is the Forms of things that are real and not physical matter. Aristotle concerned himself with the relation of matter and form. Aristotle saw only four ultimately basic questions that could applied to anything, or as he called them, four causes: the formal cause, or what is the thing?; the material cause, or what is it made of?; the efficient cause, or what made it?; and the final cause, or what purpose does it serve? CONCLUSION
In conclusion, these two great thinkers were quite different in many

Related Documents

TT-Fansub | The Last Hope | Everybody Has Secrets (Movie)