Essay on The Increase in Obesity and Its Effects on the People

1025 Words 5 Pages
The United States of America leads the world in obesity. A staggering 35.7% of our country has a Body Mass Index (BMI) of over 30 according to a Center of Disease Control study done in 2010, and that number is slowly, but steadily climbing. The same study reported that nearly 12.5 million American youths were obese also. In June 2013, the American Medical Association officially classified obesity as a chronic disease. Obesity has been linked to numerous preventable diseases and is a factor in 6 out of the 10 leading causes of death in the U.S. Obesity is a preventable and reversible disease that has harmful effects on the body. In 1990, no states had an obesity rate of above 15%. Now, in 2013, no states are under 20% and most …show more content…
It’s cheaper to feed a family of four at Wendy’s than it is to make a healthy homemade meal. But even though the cost of food now is cheap, the health costs later are vast. One of the biggest (and dangerous) diseases associated with obesity is Cardiovascular Disease (CVD). Heart disease is the number one leading cause of death in America. The main cause of this disease is obesity. Heart disease begins when irritants in the blood stream cause artery walls to thicken. These irritants are usually excess blood glucose that haven’t been sent to the cells because of lack of insulin, and an excess amount of Low Density Lipoproteins (LDLs, a.k.a. “bad” cholesterol). Our body also contains High Density Lipoprotiens (HDLS, a.k.a. “good” cholesterol). LDLs carry cholesterol to the arteries, rather than HDLs which carry cholesterol away from the arteries to the liver to be eliminated. The excess amount of blood glucose and cholesterol in the arteries scrapes against the walls, and the body retaliates by thickening the walls of the artery to protect it. This is when atherosclerosis forms, or plaque begins to build. As the plaque hardens, the artery becomes rough and narrow and blood flow begins to slow down. Soon the plaque ruptures and breaks off, and blood clots begin to form within the arteries. When many of these blood clots form and coagulate together, a thrombus is formed and completely cuts off blood flow and oxygen to the heart. As the tissue of the

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