Relationship of Buddhism with the Tang Government Essay

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Relationship of Buddhism with the Tang Government

Since the introduction of Buddhism into China, it was not well received by the population as its foreign beliefs clashed with pre-existent principals of Confucianism and Taoism. On top of that, it was alienated by the Confucianism-based government in the late Han Dynasty. All in all, Buddhism was not a common nor a popular religion throughout China at first. Nevertheless, this all changed after the rise of the Tang Dynasty. There is no doubt that Buddhism and the Tang administration under Wu’s reign formed a critical symbiotic relationship with one another. Buddhism played a pivotal role in justifying Empress Wu’s rule. She enthroned herself as the monarch of China, an extraordinarily
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Her benevolence policies towards the Buddhist religion, which includes generous and lavish annual donations to monasteries and tax exemptions of monasteries, prove to benefit her empire considerably (A Pilgrim’s Visit to the Five Terraces Mountains, 109). During her reign, she proclaims an era of peace and put a stop to the expansion of the state, when combined with her openhanded policies for Buddhism, she brought an era of economical stability and prosperity to the country (Smarr, 17 Feb. 2012). On top of being advantageous for the empire, Empress Wu’s financial aid to Buddhism earns her praise and respects from the Buddhist followers, who also helps her in justifying her rule as the emperor of China (Smarr, 17 Feb. 2012). The reciprocated correlation between religion and state is clearly identified by Wu’s unambiguous relationship with Buddhism: Wu accepts the previously rejected religion and becomes its primary fiscal source, which ultimately led to the wide-spread of Buddhism throughout the country, while Buddhism, in return, legitimizes her reign and facilitates the trade routes on the silk road to the western world, bringing countless advantageous to China and significantly boosting the Chinese economy during a peaceful period. The interdependence

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