Procedural Steps in a Criminal Trial Essay examples
As defined by John (2010, p.16), criminal trial is a process that is highly formal and is governed by procedure and evidence rules comprising the following steps. Firstly, investigation is conducted in which search and seizure, and arrest is done. Secondly, formal charging process is done. Arraignment then follows where a plea of guilty or not guilty is entered. Trial is then implemented resulting to conviction or acquittal. In case of conviction, the process then moves to a step of sentencing. This leads to the next step of punishment. Sentencing can also lead to appeals process in case the accused requires revision of the trial (John, 2010).
Search and seizure
As John, (2010, p.429) argues, when evidence is looked in a manner that penetrates the zone of privacy which is legally protected, it is termed as search and should be conducted by government agents only. A seizure occurs when the control of persons or property is taken by the agents. Since searches and seizures commonly involve serious invasions of confidentiality, the authority to conduct them is limited by constitutions. It is important, therefore, law enforcement agents get a warrant ahead of conducting