Philosophy of Mind: Dualism and Neutral Monism Essay

1198 Words 5 Pages
This essay will discuss the topic Philosophy of Mind (POM) which is split into four areas; Dualism, Materialism, Idealism and Neutral Monism. However, due to the depth of these four areas, only Dualism and Neutral Monism will be discussed more in-depth during this essay. Philosophy of Mind studies the relationship between the Mind and the Body. Dualism is an area of POM which argues the view reality is made of Mental things and Material things, with early dualists such as Descartes and Plato supporting this area. Dualists emphasise the role of Mind and Body, but also make the distinction that both are separate things. Materialists, such as Democritus, states the world is a collection of ‘atoms’ (separable collections or singular atoms) …show more content…
He states that physical substances are made up of anything that can be measure or divided, whereas mental substances are indivisible. Within these two substances, Descartes suggests the brain and nervous system are two areas within the physical substance branch, whilst the thoughts of the brain belong to the thinking substances. However, Descartes (1991:15) states that it is able for a person to doubt the existence of their body, but not their actual existence due to the ability of themselves being able to think. Therefore, this suggests that it is able to doubt someone’s existence due to the inability to know if said person has the ability to think, suggesting that Descartes is able to prove his own existence due to his ability to think (as would any human being), but he would doubt the existence of the person stood in front of him due the lack of evidence of said person being able to think. He furthers this by saying: ‘it is able to consider everything a human is able to do and doubt the existence of those said actions’, for example being able to walk or the action of eating. In Modern Psychology, Dualism would link with well with Biological Psychology, in the respect that the body is controlled by the physical structures of the brain. For example, in Biological Psychology, the brain is the main organism which controls the body, which would support the idea of the Mind-Body

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