Philosophers Concerned with Political and Social Matters Essay

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Philosophers have forever been concerned with political and social matters. Not only have they asked how politics work but mainly, how they should work. These philosophers have been concerned with the nature and justification of political obligation and authority and the goals of political action. Although their doctrines have differentiated, and numerous have been utopian in concept, they have all shared the same ideas and convictions that it is the political philosopher's duty to distinguish between what is and what ought to be, between existing political institutions and potentially more humane institutions. Throughout the centuries, philosophers have debated over the moral issues involved in the search for the 'ideal' society. Three …show more content…
Many flaws are entwined within Plato's philosophy such as the rights of lower class citizens and the idea that asserts the supremacy of the state over the individual. Plato believed that philosophers were, indeed, superior to all others making the majority of citizens in a society outcasts and left with an impediment. Following
Plato, philosophers continued to dream up their concepts of the 'ideal' society. One of the most prominent political philosophers, especially in North America, would be John
Locke.
John Locke, to this day, has had a great influence on political systems around the world, namely the United States of America. His theory of the 'ideal' society, developed in his bookTwo Treatises on Government established a distinction between what he called 'the state of nature' and 'the political state.' By 'the state of nature' Locke meant a moral state; a state into which all were born as humans and all were bestowed with certain
God-given natural rights. The state of nature has a law of nature to govern it, which obliges everyone: and reason, which is that law, teaches all mankind, who will but consult it, that, being all equal and independent, no one ought to harm another in his life, health, liberty or possessions. Locke, however,came to apprehend that his doctrine would never function in practice because of his belief that human nature drives men into society. He then created a 'social contract' in which all citizens would consent to be ruled by a

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