Essay about Past and Present Life

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In The Other Side of Eden, Hugh Brody details the lives of an Inuit village in the Arctic. This group has several things that distinguish them from others. One of the interesting things about this group is that children can be named for their late grandparents. The example in the selections shows a baby girl who was named for her late grandmother. Since she was named for her grandmother, the child is considered to have her spirit, and thus she is treated both as a child, and with the respect given to an elder. Her mother refers to her as both “mother” and “daughter”, while her grandfather refers to her as “wife” (Brody 11-13). This means that as the child grows and becomes part of the future of the village, she knows that she is …show more content…
The Zapotec farmers in the selections from Zapotec Science, by Roberto González, have managed to continuously cultivate crops like maize, beans, and squash for over 5,000 years. Their methods have changed over the years, which has resulted in a surplus and their ability to support various civilizations over the years (González 1). They are able to adapt their farming to local environments, and they pass their knowledge down to future generations. Since their farming is steeped in tradition, and it has allowed the Zapotec to survive for so long, it stands to reason that if they maintain many of these traditions, they will likely continue to survive. The Zapotec farm several different drops for export, like coffee, but they consider maize to be a staple crop that ties together their civilization (103). Maize is used as a way of connecting with neighbors, family, and their religions. Maize brings the group together and provides roots, thus providing the Zapotec with a culture and way of life they will continue to try and maintain. González mentions that maize farming has remained and important part of the Zapotec lifestyle, even when policy shifts in Mexico, along with the Green Revolution introduced other crops like wheat and barley, which were considered to be more profitable (102). It is amazing that the Zapotec have remained entrenched in their traditions, even when many other groups have succumbed to modern ideas. The Zapotec

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