Essay about OSCE and International Security

1016 Words 5 Pages
The Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe is a regional security based organization. This organization is unique in many ways and has been contributing to the security of its members and neighbors since 1975. The OSCE has had a busy history from the Cold War and beyond. With the end of the Cold War major shifts have come about in the area of international security that this organization primarily deals with. The OSCE is now facing a new era where it needs to convince its members that it still has a role to play. The OSCE was initially formed as the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe by Helsinki Final act in 1975. This act outlined the principles upon which the organization was to be based and the …show more content…
From its inception through to the end of the Cold War the CSCE functioned as a forum for discussions on security issues. In the early 1990’s there was a shift in priorities for the CSCE, the political instability of the new states called for a more permanent organization and a larger more permanent bureaucracy was formed. This bureaucracy was designed to function on the basis of the three main fields laid out in the Helsinki document. The OSCE was constructed as a forum for discussions on European security and while the Helsinki act created this forum, it did not at any point turn it into a legal organization. The member states are only bound to the OSCE on a political level not as international law because the documents creating it were never intended to be treaties that would have required them to be ratified by the member governments. This is one of the weaknesses of the OSCE. If it had legal status the organization would be able to bind its members to decisions. However, since it is not a treaty organization it has to rely on members to hold up their part of the bargain. Aside from having no real legal standing detractors see the OSCE as having many other limitations including: dependence on consensus decision making, weak leadership structure, members with varying other security and political affiliations, poor financial backing, and low public

Related Documents

Mobile Suit Gundam 00 | JerryRigEverything | A Good Day To Die, Hoka Hey