Obesity and Nursing Policy Essay

1069 Words 5 Pages
The global obesity epidemic reached a pinnacle of concern, on June 18, 2013, when the American Medical Association (AMA) ruled obesity a disease state with multiple pathophysiologic facets requiring a range of interventions for treatment and prevention (Fryhofer, 2013). Given the increased prevalence of obesity in all populations, the negative health outcomes, and associated healthcare costs of obesity, nurses are interval in building evidence-based strategies for disease prevention in adult and pediatric patients. Nurses observe directly the effects of obesity as they treat patients in emergency rooms, primary care offices, school clinics and other settings. Disease prevention, promotion and healthy lifestyles are the principles of …show more content…
Nursing works closely with obese patients to address self-esteem, body image and social interaction problems. Education and assistance with goal setting as well as on-going patient support in areas of lifestyle and nutritional modification play an important role in the success of the nurse driven policies on obesity. They incorporate the physical and social wellness of the individual through coalitions with many organizations to transform the way obesity is commonly regarded as the patient simply needs determination to lose weight, rather obesity must be recognized as a strategic mission to convince lifestyle changes in all populations that will result in overall better health, and a public health effort that spans education, the health care industry, businesses, government, communities, and families (Jones, 2010). The medical costs related to obesity are substantial, with comparative medical expenditure for the obese being nearly 100% higher than for healthy weight adults. Coast-to-coast excess medical spending may amount to as much as $147 billion yearly for adults and 14.3 billion yearly for children (Finkelstein, 2009). Productivity also factors up to $66 billion annually in the United States due to absenteeism, disability, and premature mortality (Wang, 2008). The obesity epidemic has put forth a

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