Essay on Motivation Theory of Job Enrichment

892 Words 4 Pages
How are the Principles of Goal Setting Applied in This Case?
In order to answer this question we must first consider what a Goal is and what is Goal Setting. Merriam Webster (2014) defines a goal as “something that you are trying to do or achieve or “the end toward which effort is directed”. Goal Setting on the other hand is defined by Business Dictionary (2014) as “Motivational technique based on the concept that the practice of setting specific goals enhances performance, and that setting difficult goals results in higher performance than setting easier goals”.
The accepted rules of action or principles in goal setting is as follows:
 Goals must be S.M.A.R.T specific, measurable, achievable, realistic, and timely.
A study of this case
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The perspective of the entire project will maintain a sense of realism be budgetary constraints for salaries and changes in job grades including recruitment.
 The Goal should be Timely: The use of flow charts to measure steps of procedures including time was recommended. Time and motion studies to find the most efficient methods in terms of time and effort also ensured that the goal was timely.
How are the principles of job enrichment applied in this case?
The term ‘Job enrichment’ in this case analysis was defined by Layman (2011a) as “addition of new tasks at higher levels of skill, responsibility, and accountability”. The purpose of job enrichment here was to offset the monotony of routine in bureaucratic or batch environments and to enhance individual tasks and responsibilities so that they essentially become more inspiring and rewarding for the HIS Department’s employees. A deeper examination of this case analysis revealed that the principles of job enrichment uncovered in this case was applied by combining the constituent elements of the concepts derived from 1) “the hard factors of organizational structure and features of bureaucracies” 2) “the soft human factors of organizational behavior and motivation” 3) “organizational context as they re-engineer, restructure, and redesign work and jobs in their departments” Layman (2011b). The leaders are tasked

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