Most Important Supreme Court Cases Related to Education Essay example

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(1) On May 17th, 1954, the Supreme Court made a decision that would mark a defining moment in the history of the United States. This decision declared “separate but equal” unconstitutional. It was ultimately unanimous, and occurred after a long, sought out campaign to convince all nine justices to overturn the “separate but equal” doctrine that had been sanctioned in the infamous 1896 Plessy v. Ferguson case. The legal path paved in various aspects of racial discrimination in public life has been the equal protection clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. Section I states “no State shall . . . deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws” (Schimmel, Stellman and Fischer 312) At one point in time, it was …show more content…
This decision gave hope to millions of Americans by permanently taking away the racial system that has been accepted since the end of the nineteenth century.
(3) During the first half of the 20th century, courts generally used the term reasonableness to test judge school policies when students challenged the constitutionality of school rules. In most cases, if there were any reasonable relationship between the school rule and educational purpose, the rule would be upheld even if judges believed it to be unwise, unnecessary, or restrictive of ones freedom of expression. In 1969, that changed. The U.S Supreme Court handed down a historic decision that would land on the list for most influential cases in the history of education in America and challenged the reasonableness test. Tinker v. Des Moines was a case where “the Court ruled that neither teachers nor students lose their constitutional rights to freedom of expression when they enter public schools” (Schimmel, Stellman and Fischer). Freedom of speech applies to students in public schools, and this was clarified when a debate over American involvement in the Vietnam War became heated in a school in Des Moines, Iowa. Students decided to wear black armbands to publicize their antiwar beliefs. As the principals heard about this plan, they decided to establish a

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