Essay on Modern Drama

1281 Words 6 Pages
What is Realism? Realism is the movement toward representing reality as it actually is, in art. Realistic drama is an attempt to portray real life on stage, a movement away from the conventional melodramas and sentimental comedies of the 1700s. It is expressed in theatre through the use of symbolism, character development, stage setting and storyline and is exemplified in plays such as Henrik Ibsen's A Doll's House and Anton Chekhov's The Three Sisters. The arrival of realism was indeed good for theatre as it promoted greater audience involvement and raised awareness of contemporary social and moral issues. It also provided and continues to provide a medium through which playwrights can express their views about societal values, attitudes …show more content…
The way Manus is pushing Sarah to speak, for example, 'Raise your head. Shout it out. Nobody's listening'. You feel that Manus does not want Sarah to be a nobody in the community, so he is helping her. This is also a direct cry to Irish culture to stand up and fight back.
Sarah does not know how to speak so she mimes what she wants to say and Manus translates for her. This makes you feel that they have a close relationship, as Manus understands whatever Sarah does. She goes over to the straw and gets out some flowers that she has hidden there. Jimmy does not see any of this as he is indulged in the book he is reading and has lost touch with reality. He does not know what is happening around him. “Again we are faced with bold symbolism. The old ways of Ireland do not want to be challenged, and if they do not pay attention to the changes happening around them, they won’t have to deal with them emotionally.” He only pays attention to what is happening around him when he wants to know what something means in his book and so he asks Manus, 'o oi biotoio malista kedeto - what's that, Manus?'
Character Development, Jimmy is reading The Odyssey. As he is a scholar he can read books in Greek as well as other languages. He sees himself as a person in the story, 'Sure look at what the same turf-smoke has done to myself!' This is not very scholarly of Jimmy as he relates the text in a very un-scholar like way to himself. He also says things that are very

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