Mahatma Gandhi Essay

1089 Words 5 Pages
Mohandas Gandhi, also known as Mahatma Gandhi, was born in Gujarat, India on October 2, 1869, and got taught law at University College, London. In 1891, Gandhi returned to India and attempted to establish a practice in Bombay, with almost no success. Two years later, an Indian firm with interests in South Africa kept him as legal adviser in the office. After arriving there, Gandhi found himself treated as a member of an inferior race. He was shocked at the general rejection of civil liberties and political rights to Indians to South Africa. He threw himself into the struggle for basic rights. Gandhi remained in South Africa for 20 years, getting thrown in jail many times. In 1896, after being attacked and beaten by white South Africans, …show more content…
Indians honored him as a saint and began to call him Mahatma, a title reserved for the greatest people. Gandhi's support of nonviolence was a way of life in the Hindu religion. By the Indian practice of nonviolence Gandhi held, Great Britain would eventually consider violence useless and would leave India. The Mahatma's political and spiritual influence on India was so great that the British authorities dared not get in the way of him. In 1921 the Indian National Congress, the group that led the movement for nationhood, gave Gandhi complete decision making authority, with the right of naming his own successor. The Indian population, however, could not understand the unworldly ‘ahimsa'. A series of armed revolts against Great Britain broke out, culminating in such violence that Gandhi confessed the failure of the civil-disobedience campaign he had called, and ended it. The British government again seized and imprisoned him in 1922. After his release from prison in 1924, Gandhi withdrew from active politics and dedicated himself to propagating common unity. However, he was again drawn into the struggle for independence. In 1930 the Mahatma announced a new campaign of civil disobedience, calling upon the Indian population to refuse to pay taxes, particularly the tax on salt. The campaign was a march to the sea, in which thousands of Indians followed Gandhi to the Arabian Sea. Once more

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