Essay on Legitimacy in The Apology and Oedipus the King
While Oedipus and Socrates show that the enchanted divine order of tradition is present, both texts demonstrate that reason is an ever growing force (Symonds, 2014). Rationality is regarded as the faculty of the mind that draws logical inferences and apprehends truth and goodness, allowing the individual to reach a conclusion.
Reason in Oedipus adds to the drama of the play (Symonds, 2014). Oedipus discovers the horrific truth of his actions, doing so against rational plans (Symonds, 2014). While rationally, Oedipus left Corinth to escape his adoptive parents, or investigated into who murdered Laius. These rational actions led to the destruction of the self. Oedipus discovers that his biological parents abandoned him, and also becomes aware that he murdered his own father and held a philia relationship with his mother. “I stand revealed at last – cursed in my birth, cursed in marriage, cursed in the lives I cut down with these hands!” (Sophocles, 2000, ll.1308-1310). While Oedipus did not intend to become king of Thebes it was his fate. These ideologies presented by Sophocles make the reader question whether rational legitimation is a major contribution to the way people act; or, whether divine fate is the