Judaism Essay

1072 Words 5 Pages
     “When people around the world were worshiping thunder and wind, the Jews had but one word to say - God.” Judaism is one of the three major religions in our society today along with Islam and Christianity. Judaism believes there is only one God who created and presides over the world. Their God is all powerful, all knowing and is in all places at all times. He is also compassionate and just. The Jewish religion is passed on via the mother of a child. If the mother is Jewish, the child is 100% Jewish. According to Jewish law, one will remain a Jew even if they don’t practice Judaism or they do not believe in God.     
     The Israelites accepted the Ten
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Writings
The Five Books of Moses were given to the Jews at Mount Sinai during their exodus from Egypt approximately 3500 years ago. The Five Books of Moses includes Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy. Prophets are the direct prophecies or records of what God said to the prophets. Writings are books written by the prophets with God‘s guidance. The Oral Torah explains the Written Torah and was passed down verbally from generation to generation. Due to the destruction of the Temple in Jerusalem, it was decided the Oral Torah should be written down so it would not be forgotten. Rabbi Yehuda HaNasi and a group of Sages compiled the Mishnah which is a written outline of the Oral Torah. Discussions, questions and decisions about the Mishnah are known as the Gemara. The Gemara is interpretations of the Mishnah. The Talmud is the combination of the Mishnah and Gemara together.
     There a many different types of sects of Judaism. Some of the main sects are Reconstructionist Judaism, Reform Judaism, Conservative Judaism and Orthodox Judaism. Reconstructionists believe that Judaism is always changing and evolving due to the changes in society. In one way it is more liberal than Reform Judaism - the movement does not believe in a personified deity that is active in history and does not believe that God chose the

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