Importance of Setting: Lord of the Flies, and I Only Came to Use the Phone

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Reciprocity between the setting and action brings great meaning and compelling thought to both William Golding’s novel Lord of the Flies and the short story “I Only Came to Use the Phone” by Gabriel García Márquez. For within the storylines of these two works, setting dictates the actions, ideas and moral decisions made by the characters. As the settings transition, they directly influence character decision-making, but in ways only the reader sees. The Beach represents a place of balance and democracy. From Lord of the Flies, the quote “‘Let’s vote –’ This toy of voting was almost as pleasing as the conch” (22) shows how gratifying the boys find it to be creating a democracy on the peaceful beach. And while the beach is also where …show more content…
“Piggy and Ralph, under the threat of the sky, found themselves eager to take a place in this demented but partly secure society” (152). The setting pressures both Piggy and Ralph to support, at that moment, something that they believe is morally wrong, which is to kill. Simon’s life is taken due to the cruel setting of Castle Rock. Throughout “I Only Came to Use the Phone,” the main character Maria shows significant moral changes depending on the setting that she occupies. In the event that occurred with the Matron in Maria’s bed, this place of peace and comfort gives Maria the natural instinct to fight off the Matron and defend herself. She has a great desire and the hope to survive and eventually escape the Sanatorium. Later, however, Maria finds herself in the Ward for Violent Patients, and in this secluded space, Maria’s desperation for company is so great that she finally gives up on her morals, and gives herself to the Matron, who is desperately in love with Maria. She, at this point, is also giving up on her hopes of escape. Looking back at Castle Rock, the event of Piggy’s death also displays how setting can influence moral decisions. For right after Piggy is killed, Jack declares, “See? See? That’s what you’ll get! I meant that!” (181). Since Jack is the chief of Castle Rock, he has the idea that he can do as he pleases and that killing is acceptable. This event also displays how Jack’s morals

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