World War II spawned the creation of many new inventions, inventions that were greatly needed in order for whole countries to survive the war, and one such creation was introduced by the Germans, the Blitzkrieg. The word "Blitzkrieg" is German for "lightning war," and it describes the military tactic used by the Germans and was coined by Western newspapermen in 1939 to convey the immense speed and powerful destruction caused by the three week German campaign against Poland. The term Blitzkrieg is mainly used to describe German tactics, however the general tactic itself was not entirely unique to only the Germans. The lightning quick method was used whenever the opportunity presented itself, particularly by the forces
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By the late 1930’s The Germans had re-organized their Army to include a number of elite Panzergruppen, divisions within the German Heer of the Wehrmacht (“heer” is equivalent to “Army” and the “Wehrmacht” is literally “defense force or means/power of resistance.” The “Heer of the Wehrmacht” was the name of the armed forces of Nazi Germany.), consisting of light tanks, armored transport vehicles, which were precursors to modern armored personal carriers, and support equipment necessary for supporting the light tanks generally referred to as the Panzerkampfwagen. The Panzergruppen were an instrumental component of the Blitzkrieg coordinated-attacks, these divisions were credited with much of the success of the German campaign into Russia, and operated widely throughout the various fronts during World War II.
The Blitzkrieg was particularly effective against France. The Wehrmacht bypassed the main French defenses, such as the Maginot Line, the line of concrete fortifications, tank obstacles, machine gun posts and other artillery, which France constructed along her borders with Germany and with Italy at the beginning of World War I. By May 20th, the Wehrmacht was at Amiens. The next day, it reached the English Channel, near Abbeville, and hemmed in the retreating British Expeditionary Force. In late May and early June, the British evacuated their