Eastern Europe in 2000 Essay

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Eastern Europe in 2000

Chechnya is home for about one million Chechens, who call themselves Nachtschi. After Chechnya had lost its independence in the Caucasian War (1817 -- 1864) it became part of the Russian Empire and was later part of the Soviet Union. Before the decline of the Soviet Union in 1991, Chechnya declared its independence on November 27, 1990. However, after President Boris Yeltsin took over leadership of the newly founded Russian Federation, Russian Forces penetrated Chechnya in November 1991 and started to bomb its cities. The conflict lasted for more than three years and was reopened on October 2, 1999, when Russian troops invaded the country again. This paper is to describe Chechnya and its population, the
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The highest peak in Chechnya is Mount Tebulosmta (4493 m/14,741 ft). In the north are plains and lowlands consisting of sandy ridges and hills. The main rivers of Chechnya include the Terek, the Sunzha, the Argun, and the Assa. Fertile soil covers the lowlands and valleys, while dry steppe vegetation characterizes the northern plains. Forests of beech, birch, hornbeam, and oak cover less than one-fifth of the republic and are located mainly on the mountain slopes. Chechnya has hot summers and cold winters. Temperatures are typically lower and precipitation levels higher in the mountain areas. In 1994 Chechnya had a population of about 800,000.
The population of the republic declined significantly as a result of the war. Beside Chechens, who form the largest ethnic group in the republic, Russians and Ingush are also represented. The Chechens, who call themselves Nokhchii, are native to the Caucasus region. The Chechen language belongs to the Nakh group of Caucasian languages and is closely Chechnya -- the conflict 5 related to the language of the Ingush. The Chechens have been Sunni Muslims since the 18th century. Petroleum production is the major source of income for the Chechen economy. However, the war destroyed Chechnya's major pipeline linking Caspian oil fields to the Russian Black Sea port of Novorossiysk. Russian-Chechen relationships are marked by a series of wars starting

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