Essay on Darwin and Design

1030 Words 5 Pages
For the majority of the article "Sympathetic Science: Charles Darwin, Joseph Hooker, and the Passions of Victorian Naturalists" Endersby discusses the relationship of Darwin with other naturalist such as Huxley, Hooker and Wallace. and then goes on to comment on the separate spheres of the era and how that effected their relationships. Until the sub section labelled "Dear Old Darwin" not much is pertinent. The article concludes most enlightening by stating "nineteenth-century science flourished in the world of men- only clubs and societies, a world from which women and children were excluded. By contrast, naturalists like Darwin and Hooker seem to have been intent on allowing science to colonize the domestic sphere, by bringing …show more content…
Throughout his work one feels some of the thrill of the slowly dawning understanding of such an amazing train of thought and all the intricate examples. Darwin makes it clear he doesn’t want to offend anyone, so his tone and prose is cautious, and makes careful generalizations. Darwin doesn’t expect other naturalists in his field, who are experienced and have a fixed point of view, to be convinced by any of his arguments. Darwin asks how varieties become distinct species, and in answer introduces the key concept he calls Natural Selection. The following quotation
"Owing to this struggle for life, any variation, however slight and from whatever cause proceeding, if it be in any degree profitable to an individual of any species, in its infinitely complex relations to other organic beings and to external nature, will tend to the preservation of that individual, and will generally be inherited by its offspring ... I have called this principle, by which each slight variation, if useful, is preserved, by the term of Natural Selection, in order to mark its relation to man's power of selection." exudes all the main points covered in the Struggle for Existence and in Natural Selection. Darwin's scientific method was also disputed, with his proponents favouring the empiricism of John Stuart Mill's A System of Logic, while opponents held to the idealist view, in the belief that species were fixed objects created by design.

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