Compare and Contrast Theoretical Orientations of Sigmund Freud and Abraham Maslow
A. Sigmund Freud
B. Biography Sigmund Freud was born on May 6, 1856, in Freiberg, Moravia, a small town in Austro Hungarian. His parents were Amalia and Jacob Freud. His father was a wool merchant with a keen mind and a good sense of humor. His mother was a lively woman. (http://webspace.ship.edu/cgboer/freud.html) He grew up in a family of 11, with two older-half brothers and six younger siblings. When Freud was four or five years old his family moved to Vienna where he lived most of his life. Freud and his wife Martha had6 kids three boys and three girls. There names in order of age were Mathilde, Jean, Oliver, Ernst, Sophie, and finally Anna.
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(Sharon Heller Freud A to Z pp 56-57) The next stage is the anal stage. When the kid starts toilet training, and parents should not pressure the child in this stage. When the child is ready, he will start to use the potty or go behind a bush this is usually 2-3 year old. The child sexual pleasure is when he has a bowel movement. Then there is the phallic stage where the boy discovers something that girls do not have, which is 4-5 years old. This is when boys start messing around with the genital era. If a mom caught her boy fondling his genital the mom, would threaten a boy by saying” I will cut of your genital or have the father do it, this was a common threat in Fraud’s days.” (Sharon Heller Freud A to Z p 45) The boy may not believe until he sees a girl. Girls at this stage have genital envy. (Sharon Heller Freud A to Z p 45) Following the phallic stage we have the latency stage where the child’s sexual is suppressed. Usually this happens around 6 years of age when the kids goes off to grade school and find his time doing homework and hanging out with other boys and getting involved in a little league baseball group.( Sharon Heller Freud A to Z p 46). The final stage is the genital stage. The sexual desire is back, the boy wants to find a mate, and the sexual desire is unsullied directed toward peers of the other sex boys to girls and girls to boys this is 13 years and onward. (Sharon Heller Freud A to Z p 46)
C. Theoretical Orientation The