After gaining independence, Americans created a unique government. Purposefully diverging from the seams of a monarchial government, Americans created a new one from the ideas of republicanism. Under the Articles of Confederation, the power was given to the states as opposed to a centralized government. However, this made it difficult to raise revenue. Without the power to tax, congress could not pay back debts. Also, needing nine out thirteen votes from the states to pass a law made it almost nearly impossible to get anything done. Additionally, lacking an executive to carry out the laws of congress made those laws easily ignored by the states. The Philadelphia convention of 1787 made radical changes in the national government by
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Disgruntled merchants complained of the lack of regulation, while frustrated merchants fussed on the tariffs that were put on foreign goods. Plus, an executive was added to implement that laws made by congress. Formerly, congress would make laws that the states could simply ignore. Thence, the executive could use his power to make sure these laws were acted upon and followed by using officials to check on the states.
Accordingly, all the changes brought up by the conventions led to adjustments in original plans for the new government. The complication of how the states should be represented in the government was one of the firsts to arise. The Virginia Plan was put out and set forth the idea of a population inclined representation. Opposition to this was made by the smaller states that feared losing power. The New Jersey Plan proposed a unicameral governing body where the each state had one equal vote. The resolution to this was the Great Compromise. The bigger states received a house of representatives based on the size of the states populations. The smaller states got a senate where each state received two seats regardless of population. This eliminated some of the fears that the smaller states had of losing to much power to the bigger states.
Furthermore, a compromise on commerce had to be made. Southerners and Northern argued on how tariffs should be dealt with. Southern planters opposed the tariffs because they anticipated that this would hurt their