War in Vietnam is the longest military conflict U.S. were involved in during 20th century. However, 20 years before the official war declaration, in 1944, no one would have ever guessed that the area of South East Asia is going to experience such development. Having approached the Vietnam situation with wrong policy, underestimating the motivation and determination due to historical memory, in the hostile conditions caused US were unable to suppress the communist insurgency in South Vietnam, which later turned into a David vs. Goliath type of conflict.
Origins of Conflict In the colonial era, the world was divided into the colonies of European empires. France, among others, used military force and presence to rule in Vietnam and
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This important event motivated the Vietnamese to fight for their freedom and independence. This is the attitude that they also had later, while they were fighting during the Vietnam War against the United States. In my opinion and understanding, it surely was one of the aspects that was overlooked by Americans and also played significant part, because it is something that American soldiers could not remotely relate to or at least duplicate this state of mind. Vietnamese were fighting for their land and country, while US were trying to stop the spread of communist ideology. These two motivations are completely different and so is the active service.
The declaration of independence of Vietnam resulted in the Indochina war, where France was trying to get the recently out-of-hand Indochina (Vietnam, Laos Cambodia) situation under control. At first, the combats would be short and guerilla-like, against French authority, taking place mainly in North Vietnam, but as time went by, the scenery would change into full-scale conflict. Dewey Grantham in his Recent America, chapter Containment in Asia, describes how United States got involved in the Indochina War. He mentions US started to focus on Far East situation even more, after communist regime was established in North Korea and China. Korea was divided into Communist North and non-communist South, and China experienced the Mao Tse-Tung Revolution