Aborigines in Australia Essay example

865 Words 4 Pages
Aborigines in Australia Aborigines are believed to have lived in Australia for between 60,000 and 40,000 years, their early ancestors coming from South-East Asia. Precise population details for the period before European colonization are unavailable, but it is estimated that there were between 300,000 and 1,000,000 Aborigines in Australia when European settlers first arrived in 1788. The relationship between the aboriginals and the settlers were an issue that would haunt history for more then two centuries.

The process of colonization by European powers, as might be expected, has had a radical effect on
…show more content…
Settlers moved in and appropriated the overwhelming majority of Australia - either for private use or in the name of the British Crown.

Even after Australia was declared independent in 1901, Aborigines continued to be marginal to the new nation and were barred from becoming citizens by the 1902 Australian Constitution. Using the notion of racial supremacy, and showing the inferiority of the Aboriginal race in the settler's eyes. Citizenship was granted to Aborigines only following a national referendum in 1967.

Attempts have been made by the Australian government to protect Aboriginal culture, beginning in the late 1920s with the creation of special reserves; this is when the notion of paternalism came into play. Aborigines are now officially recognized as Australian citizens, and since 1948 a policy of assimilation has been pursued. Some Aborigines, however, fear that assimilation will result in a total loss of Aboriginal cultural identity, and opt instead for integration, insisting on maintaining their native identity as distinct from becoming 'Australians'.

Based upon such ethnocentric values and beliefs - from an allegedly 'enlightened' people - colonists began to establish and implement a racist and heretical view of Christianity. They firmly believed that there was no hope of salvation without the elimination of

Related Documents

The Mammoth Book of Best New Erotica, Vol 2 By Maxim Jakubowski | 820,330 820,330 1597 1597 JAJAJAJAJAJAJAAJAJ Aquellos que hicieron eso tienen mucha imaginación xd alguien sabe el nombre de. estos??? | Running Man Episode 83