Essay Virginia Henderson's Need Theory

928 Words Jul 23rd, 2011 4 Pages
Virginia Henderson
• “The Nightingale of Modern Nursing”
• “Modern-Day Mother of Nursing.”
• "The 20th century Florence Nightingale."
• Born in Kansas City, Missouri, November 30, 1897.
• Fifth of eight children of Lucy Abbot Henderson and Daniel B. Henderson
• Received a Diploma in Nursing from the Army School of Nursing at Walter Reed Hospital, Washington, D.C. in 1921.
• Worked at the Henry Street Visiting Nurse Service for 2 years after graduation.
• In 1923, started teaching nursing at the Norfolk Protestant Hospital in Virginia
• In 1929, entered Teachers College at Columbia University for Bachelor’s Degree in 1932, Master’s Degree in 1934.
• Her work influenced the nursing profession throughout the
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Henderson’s Theory and the Four Major Concepts

1. Individual
• Have basic needs that are component of health.
• Requiring assistance to achieve health and independence or a peaceful death.
• Mind and body are inseparable and interrelated.
• Considers the biological, psychological, sociological, and spiritual components.
2. Environment
• Settings in which an individual learns unique pattern for living.
• All external conditions and influences that affect life and development.
3. Health
• Definition based on individual’s ability to function independently as outlined in the 14 components.
4. Nursing
• Temporarily assisting an individual who lacks the necessary strength, will and knowledge to satisfy 1 or more of 14 basic needs.
• Assists and supports the individual in life activities and the attainment of independence.
• Nurse serves to make patient “complete” “whole", or "independent."
• The nurse is expected to carry out physician’s therapeutic plan. Individualized care is the result of the nurse’s creativity in planning for care.
• Henderson's classic definition of nursing "I say that the nurse does for others what they would do for themselves if they had the strength, the will, and the knowledge. But I go on to say that the nurse makes the patient independent of him or her as soon as possible."

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