The Wind Of Change Speech Essay

1155 Words May 5th, 2016 5 Pages
The 1960 British Prime Minister, Harold Macmillan once gave a speech in South Africa known as “The Wind of Change Speech”. Macmillan said, "The wind of change is blowing through this continent, and whether we like it or not, this growth of national consciousness is a political fact. We must all accept it as a fact, and our national policies must take account of it” (Baker 179). Macmillan was reinforcing that decolonization is taking place in Africa. Most of the European powers had African colonies, the British Empire was not an exception, and following 1950, most of these colonies were relinquished. Some independence movements were peaceful such as Ghana (Falola and Mbah 37). Ghana was vital for its exports of gold and diamonds. Britain was hesitant to let it go but increased tensions for self-government lead it to grant Ghana independence in 1957. Kenya, on the other hand, faced more violence in their independence moments. 1952, the Mau Mau Rebellion took place where 20 percent of the population took place in an uprising for independence (Falola and Mbah 37). The British were able to crush it but much blood was shed. Kenya was finally given independence in 1963 due to anti-colonial pressures.
Britain’s Colonies in the Carribean also underwent decolonization. Countries in the Caribbean had nationalistic attitudes and the desire to govern themselves for a long time. This push for independence was even stronger after many Asian and African colonies had been freed. The French…

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