Essay on The Theory Of The Right Action

896 Words Apr 3rd, 2016 4 Pages
Position Paper Outline
1) Introduction Billions of animals are killed each year. Most live in unfavorable conditions and undergo painful procedures before being slaughtered for food or other purposes. Their treatment would never be applied to humans, even though they have so much in common. Just like human beings, animals have a nervous system. They can suffer and feel pleasure. In some cases, their intelligence can be compared to that of humans- Jeremy Bentham recognized centuries ago that “A full-grown horse or dog is beyond comparison a more rational, as well as a more conversable animal, than an infant of a day, or a week, or even a month, old (Bentham)”.
2) Stance on the Issue Based on the theory of utilitarianism- the theory that states the right action is the one that brings about the most happiness- animals should have the right to not be harmed or killed, just as human beings do. Their pain and suffering should be taken into account and weighed regardless of rationality or intelligence. Tom Regan, an American Philosopher known for his work in Animal Rights points out that subjects of life, including animals “want and prefer things, believe and feel things, recall and expect things (qtd. in Gruen)”. People of different ages, races, and abilities are not weighed differently based on utilitarianism. For centuries, human beings have treated animals as resources and things to exploit. Gary Francione argues that, “All sentient beings- human or…

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