The State Of Nature Essay

1059 Words Apr 15th, 2016 5 Pages
Jean-Jacques Roussseau who was born in Geneva in 1712 is seen as the philosopher of liberty both spiritual and ethical. He saw the human world as a product of human intelligence. He generally believed that human beings were born good but the evils in society quickly corrupted them. Evils such as power politics, insecurity and immorality were all human creations and could simply be overcome by human will. Despite all the negativity created by humans, Rousseau still strongly believed that any evil could be redeemed through the reconstitution of the state on ethical principles (Boucher& Kelly, 2009). Rousseau attempts to explore what it entails to live a good life. Through his findings, he asserts that freedom is central to being human (Levine, 2002). Rousseau believes that “ the state of nature is neither a social nor a moral condition since nature gives us no sanction for legitimate authority or rule. It is simply a condition where no one has the right to rule over another, there is no justice or injustice and men are portrayed as solitary and self-sufficient (Boucher& Kelly, 2009). This section focuses on Rousseau’s ideas of the state of nature and freedom.

Rousseau argued that human beings are ‘born free’ meaning that they are morally autonomous agents. In regimes of private property, they became un-free as the imperatives of rational accumulation increasingly governed what they did (Levine, 2002). He began his exploration into the human condition with the isolated…

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