The Red Summer Of 1919 Essay

1001 Words Apr 11th, 2016 5 Pages
The Red Summer of 1919
The assassination of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria by Serbian nationalist, Gavrilo Princip on June 28, 1914, set off a series of battles that would eventually lead to World War I. The United States answered the call to battle, deploying 5 million men both black and white, this once again gave African Americans the opportunity to serve their country. Domestically, The Great Migration, in which at least 500,000 African Americans moved to cities in the North and Midwest to escape legalized southern oppression such as Jim Crow laws, lynching, and denial of suffrage rights. Living in the north would provide African American with better job, housing, educational opportunities. The Great Migration would serve the demand for workers in the northern factories, railroads, steel mills, and tanneries. African American’s were offered incen-tives such as free railroad passes and paid relocation expenses.

Upon their arrival to the North, African Americans had aspirations of prosperity, peace and parity. Instead they were met with racial violence, ethnic prejudices, and job discrimination. The recession following WWI set the stage for what was called: The NAACP records show, at least 25 major riots occurred, (McWhirter, p.15) and more than 70 civilians were lynched, at least 10 Black veterans in uniform. (Ellis, p.41) African American soldiers returned from World War I with a sense of renewed patriotism only to be denied jobs and admission to…

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