The Causes and Effects of the 1945 Vietnamese Declaration of Independence

2055 Words Jul 15th, 2013 9 Pages
History Essay – Causes and Consequences of the 1945 Declaration of Independence.

The 1945 Declaration of Independence of Vietnam is a key event in history, which caused and by which caused consequences that affected not only them, but other countries of the world as well. The French colonization of Vietnam was the long term cause of the 1945 Declaration of Independence because it challenged Vietnamese freedom, violating their national pride and depriving them of a cultural and national identity. France colonized Vietnam for a variety of reasons, while there were extensive economic opportunities; control over Vietnam established them and a major colonizing power in Southeast Asia. Vietnam had a wealth of natural resources that
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The Vietnamese had finally had enough, so they reached out for the help of a super power that hated the Japanese as much as they did, the USA. The Americans joined forces with the Viet Minh so that they could extract the Japanese from within Vietnam, the supplied military forces, and in turn, turned to the Viet Minh to establish an intelligence network within Vietnam. Ho Chi Minh believed that through this co operation and his willingness to work with the Americans, they would then support Vietnam’s quest for independence after the defeat of the Japanese. An example of this Viet-USA alliance was the “Deer Team” where the Vietnamese provided intelligence and guides, while Patti trained them, and supplied them with vital war equipment.

The Japanese surrendered soon after the US bombed Hiroshima and Nagasaki. This surrender by the Japanese was the short term cause of the 1945 Declaration of Independence, which left a power vacuum in Indochina. No-one was in charge of Vietnam and there were now 3 roads which could be taken to decide the fate of Vietnam; France could reoccupy it and regain control of the country, each state could be given independence, or it could be temporarily ruled by an Allied trusteeship under the Post Dam Agreement. Vietnam had become sick of living under foreign rule; they wanted a chance at independence. So, on 19 August 1945, when Japan

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