The Behaviourist Model Of Learning Essay

974 Words Apr 19th, 2016 4 Pages
The Behaviourist model of learning focuses largely on learning through observation. Behaviourists assert that learners need reinforcements to bring about a positive stimulus for the right actions they commit and in turn, should receive punishments for any mistakes or wrongdoing. The theory suggests, the environment and its surroundings shape many forms of behaviour and the learning process has to be made up of small steps. Baum (2005) describes the main principles of behaviourism as those centred on connections with the stimulus and response and its effects based on the further reinforcement and/or punishment. Behaviourism was first established in the 1880s and is continuing to develop in the twentieth-first century. While there has been lots of research undertaken, behaviourists continue to have difficulties in agreeing on a universal definition for behaviourism and to who its rightful roots belong to. Key figures that helped shape this learning theory include Ivan Pavlov and John Watson. Pavlov is renowned for his ground breaking experiment which involved conditioning dogs to salivate when a bell would ring. The behaviour provided Pavlov the claim that canines had been trained to respond to external stimuli. He saw it completely adequate that humans too could be conditioned to react to such stimuli (Thomas, 1997). Watson continued with Pavlov’s findings on animal responses as a basis for his work. He mirrored Pavlov’s experiments where he used a young child to condition…

Related Documents

All the King’s Men essay | Bible Town | go pro 5 session case