Essay on Social Life From One Of Three Major Theoretical Frameworks

814 Words Apr 11th, 2016 4 Pages
1) Most sociologists interpret social life from one of three major theoretical frameworks or theories: symbolic interactionism, functional analysis, or conflict theory. Describe the major points and key concepts of each framework. List at least one sociologist who is identified with each of these three frameworks. Symbolic interactionism is the theory that symbols and the meaning we attach to them is the key to how humans identify with the world, and correspond with one another. These symbols are used in our social lives and relationships. George Hubert Mead is one of the founding sociologists who developed this perspective (Henslin, 2007). Functional analysis is the idea that society is a whole unit, made up of different parts that work together. The term functions in this theory means the beneficial consequences of people’s action. The term dysfunctions mean the harmful consequences of people’s actions. The concept of functional analysis is when sociologist are examining a smaller part of society, it is important to also examine how the function or dysfunction of the smaller society are related to the larger society. Robert K Merton played a major role in defining functional analysis. Conflict theory is a theory where society is viewed of as different groups that compete with each other for resources (Henslin, 2007). Karl Marx developed the conflict theory, he concluded that the key to human history lies in class conflict (Henslin, 2007). Within…

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