Situation of English Language Teaching Essay

3796 Words Mar 3rd, 2013 16 Pages
English Language Teaching Situation in Pakistan Analysis)
“…a single shelf of a good European library was worth the whole native literature of India and Arabia”

(Attitude

&

Motivation

Macaulay 1935

Ms. Mehwish Haider

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English Language Teaching Situation in Pakistan

Table of Contents

Introduction ……………………………………………………………………………………...3 Definition of Second language ……………………………………………………….……...….4 Definition of foreign Language …………………………………………………………………4 Different needs to learn English as second/ foreign Language ……………..………………...4 Definition of Motivation ………………………………………………………………………...5 Sources of motivation ……………...……………………………………………………………5 Models of Motivation ……………..…………………………………………………………….6 Social needs of
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MOTIVATION: Motivation is a desire to achieve a goal, combined with the energy to work towards that goal. Brown (2000) asserts that studies of motivation of second/foreign language learners often refer to a distinction between two types of motivation namely, instrumental versus integrative motivation. Gardner (1983, p. 203) defines instrumental motivation as “learning a language because of someone or less clearly perceived utility it might have for the learner". More specifically, a learner is instrumentally motivated when he/she wants to learn a language "to pass an examination, to use it in one's job, to use it in holiday in the country, as a change from watching television, because the educational system requires it" (Wilkins, 1972, p.184).On the other hand, integrative motivation was defined as "learning a language because the learner wishes to identify himself with or become integrated into the society” of the target language

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English Language Teaching Situation in Pakistan

(Gardner, 1983, p.203). Therefore, a learner is integratively motivated when he/she learns a language because he/she wants to "know more of the culture and values of the foreign language group… to make contact with the speakers of the languages… to live in the country concerned" (Wilkins, 1972, p.184). Integrative motivation is further divided in two types as:  Assimilative motivation  Affiliative motivation

Assimilative motivation
It is a strong motivation to “belong” to the

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