Professionalism Theory : Virginia Henderson 's Needs Theory Essay

1390 Words Mar 6th, 2016 6 Pages
Professionalism Theory Paper
Virginia Henderson’s needs theory provides a definition of nursing, describes a nurse’s role, and formulates a nursing care which is focused on assisting individuals to reach a level of independence in meeting with basic human needs. Henderson’s needs theory is easy to incorporate into clinical practice and serves as a guide for a patient and nurse to reach the chosen goal.
In the past, the nursing profession was seen as linked to medicine, and has not had a separate identity. Nursing practice was viewed as submissive and nurses were seen as “assistants” who helped ill patients to regain their health by merely following doctor’s orders. It was considered as performing technical skills and procedures which are based on the knowledge from medical, social, and behavioral sciences. Among all the theorists who contribute in the nursing knowledge development to support the profession, Virginia Henderson initiated the process of giving unique identify to nursing profession. (Blais & Hayes, 2016, p.103). She differentiated the nursing professing from medicine by describing the unique role of nurses. In 1955, she formulated the definition, “The unique function of the nurse is to assist the individual, sick or well, in the performance of those activities contributing to health or its recovery (or to peaceful death) that he would perform unaided if he had the necessary strength, will, or knowledge, and to do this in such a way as to help him gain…

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