Independence Essay

1310 Words May 30th, 2015 6 Pages
Articles of Confederation and the U.S. Constitution
The Birth of a Nation

Joseph J. Zarzycki

United States History – 405
Aimee James
June 1, 2014

At the end of the revolutionary war the free states of the Union desired some sort of control that would create a unified country. The first such control came from what was called the Articles of Confederation, essentially our first constitution. This document addressed many issues. How should power be divided between local and national governments? How should laws be made, and by whom? Who should be authorized to govern those laws? How could the government be designed to protect the individual rights of the citizens? The Articles of Confederation, as it turned out, were
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Having just fought to free themselves of a monarchy in the form of the British, an attempt at limiting the power of the National Government was made. The states were not interested in allowing another monarchy rise to power in the form of the U.S. government. In the attempt to limit power, a government without the proper authority to govern effectively was created. Among the failings of the Articles was the inability to levy taxes and regulate trade. This led to many states falling into debt with one another because of tariff wars they would have amongst themselves. Because the states were indebted to one another, they could not or would not support the government with the necessary revenue it would need to operate. The government found it increasingly difficult to pay off debts that had been accumulating since the revolution. Congress became largely ignored by the states because of its inabilities to carry out its duties.

When George Washington called for a convention in late May of 1787, delegates from eleven of the thirteen states attended. The congressional delegates were comprised of what were called Federalists and Antifederalists. Federalists felt that the Articles of Confederation were weak and ineffective. They supported the need for a strong central government and a new Constitution. The Antifederalist, however, favored the Articles of Confederation

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