Essay on Guided Instruction And Constuctivistic Teaching

1322 Words Dec 6th, 2015 6 Pages
Guided instruction and constuctivistic teaching are two instructional approaches. Guided instruction relies on the teachers to scaffold learning whereas constructivism relies on individual constructs, experiences, and adaptation. Both approaches have advantages and disadvantages. In addition, both approaches are affected by individual differences and developmental stages. Ultimately, constructivistic teaching is a much more effective approach because it incorporates so much more than “learning” through lecturing and guided instruction.
Guided Instruction Guided instruction, or guided learning, is an instructional approach where teachers scaffold (assist the student in solving a task or completing a goal) to facilitate learning. The teacher is the key player because they provide the guidance that promotes development. The teacher also continuously assesses whether the students are grasping the concepts being taught. Guided instruction teachers primarily use questions to check student understanding. They look for cues given by the student such as facial expression, body language, and verbal responses. When students are not grasping concepts, the teacher uses prompts with the students and provides additional cues regarding the subject at hand. These prompts direct the student to “the thinking needed to achieve a new level of understanding” (Frey & Fisher, 2010, pp. 89). Teachers use the prompts and cues to redirect the student’s attention to a specific source or…

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