Great Minds: The Essential Guide for Teachers Essay
A TES Essential Guide to education’s most influential philosophers
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A TES Essential Guide
Educational philosophies are complex and wide-ranging. In this TES Essential
Williams, a lecturer in education at the
University of Sussex, makes sense of it all.
Theory and practice 4
What it’s all about.
Bloom’s taxonomy of learning 8
Bloom’s theory links …show more content…
There are a number of alternative viewpoints and competing theories about teaching and learning.
Over the years they have been contested, revised, updated and even rejected.
Education in this respect is no different from any other academic subject.
So, what useful things should teachers know? Three core areas are theories of child development, theories of learning and theories about learning styles.
ESSENTIAL GUIDE Great Minds
example, Arnold Gesell) who believe development is a biological process that occurs automatically in predictable, sequential stages. This can lead to assumptions that children will acquire knowledge naturally. n The environmentalists
(such as Albert Bandura) who believe a child’s environment shapes learning and behaviour. n The constructivists (such as Jean Piaget, Lev Vygotsky and Jerome Bruner) who see young children as active participants in learning.
“Start from where the child is at” often sums up their thinking.
The thinking behind the theories There are also a number of ideas about how children learn, such as Benjamin
Bloom’s theories on learning. Theories about children’s learning can be divided into behavioural, cognitive, humanistic and motivational groups.
The most contentious area of educational theory is that associated with learning