Erik Erikson 's Theory On Psychosocial Development Of Human Beings

1832 Words Apr 13th, 2016 8 Pages
Erik Erikson was a German born American developmental psychologist. He is well known for his theory on psychosocial development of human beings. Erikson`s theory includes eight stages of psychosocial development. The first stage is Trust vs. Mistrust. This stage is the infancy stage where the age is from first born to about 1 and a half years old. The basic virtue of this stage would be hope and the pathology of this stage is withdrawal. During this stage, the young infant is unsure of its surroundings. They do not feel safe in their environment. To help them cope with these feelings of uncertainty they often look towards their primary caregiver, whether that is a parent of another person. (simplypsychology.org) They look towards this primary caregiver in order to feel stable and have a consistency of care. If the infant while in this stage is provided with care that is reliable, predictable, and consistent they will then develop a sense of trust with this particular person. This sense of trust they have developed will carry over to other relationships they may have. They will be able to feel secure even in times they are threatened. To have success in this stage will lead to virtue of hope. (simplypsychology.org) When the infant does develop a sense of trust, they can hope that as new crises arise in their life, there will be other people there to offer support. If the infant fails to acquire the virtue of hope, this will lead to the development of fear for them. If the…

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