Dr Horney 's Theory Centered On Social Relationships Essay

1829 Words Apr 17th, 2016 8 Pages
Reading Responses
Week 5- Psychodynamic Psychology- Chapter 16 While most people are familiar with a number of leading theorists in psychoanalysis, particularly Sigmund Freud, and possibly Adler and Jung, most people would not be familiar with Karen Horney, considered to be the “fist psychoanalytic feminist” (Hergenhahn & Henley 525). Horney disagreed with several concepts introduced by Freud, especially his focus on unconscious sexual motivation and the division of the self into 3 parts: id, ego, and superego. She believed that social experiences had a greater influence on the creation of self. During the Depression, she found that her clients’ problems were caused by unemployment and the inability to provide for the basic needs of their families (524). Horney’s theories centered on social relationships, beginning with those between the child and parents. Healthy relationships would be formed between the child and parent if the parents were caring and children felt safe from harm. Indifference, inconsistency, or hatred towards the child could create a negative worldview for the child, and is required for someone to become neurotic (525). Neurotic individuals, or those with “basic anxiety,” would develop one of three major patterns in order to cope with their feelings: moving toward people, moving against people, and moving away from people. The complaint type, those moving toward people, would look for love, acceptance, and protection from others. The hostile type,…

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