Dec. of Ind. vs Dec. of Rights of Man Essay

1112 Words Nov 29th, 2015 5 Pages
Not many political documents have affected the world like The American Declaration of Independence and The French Declaration of The Rights of Man. Both documents, till this point, have had a huge impact all over the world. Without them, the world wouldn’t be what it is today. The philosophical ideas of Montesquieu, Rousseau, and Locke were greatly inspirational on both documents. They were later used by Thomas Jefferson, in the Declaration of Independence, and the National Assembly, in the Declaration of the Rights of Man. Both documents can be compared in many ways.
Baron de Montesquieu, a political thinker who lived during the Age of Enlightenment, had the concept of Separation of Powers. This was implemented in many constitutions
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In article 6 of the Declaration of Rights of man it states that,” Law is the expression of the general will. All citizens have the right to take part personally, or by their representatives, and its formation. It must be the same for all, whether it protects or punishes. All citizens, being equal in its eyes, art equally eligible to all public dignities, places, and employments, according to their capacities, and without other distinction than that of their virtues and talents.”
Last but not least, John Locke’s idea of natural rights. The rights of human beings to the pursuit of life, liberty and property are clearly stated in both documents. In the declaration of Independence, Jefferson used the same exact words. “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.” In this document, he used the word happiness to mean property. Another example from this document was that he cited about the right to a trial by jury. The Declaration of the Rights of Man also has many examples of natural rights. A reference is, “The aim of every political association is the preservation of the natural and imprescriptible rights of man. These rights are liberty, property, security, and resistance

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