Cardiovascular Disease ( Cvd ) Is The Leading Cause Of Death Globally

1863 Words Apr 14th, 2016 8 Pages
Introduction
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death globally.1 In Australia, CVD accounts for about 30% of all deaths, killing 43,603 people in 2013.2 Being the national leading cause of death, CVD kills one Australian every 12 minutes.2 The main types of CVD are coronary heart disease, stroke, and heart failure.3 It is estimated that 4.6 million Australian adults have high blood pressure which is a major risk factor for CVD, accounting for 32% of the population.2

Salt is a chemical compound made up of sodium and chloride. It is commonly used to season and preserve foods in both the food industry and private homes. People are often unaware of the amount of salt they consume from processed food.4 It has been generally believed that excessive dietary salt intake over a long period of time is notably related to hypertension and CVD, in addition to other adverse health effects such as obesity, osteoporosis, and kidney disease. The National Health and Medical Research Council recommends Australian adults to consume less than 4 grams of salt a day with 6 grams of salt as the maximum daily upper limit which is equivalent to about a teaspoon of salt.4 However, the average Australian consumes about three times more salt than this recommendation.4

For most people, doctors, and patients, the idea that too much salt is harmful to health is intuitively reasonable. Physiologically, human body functions to balance salt intake by renin-angiotensin system.5 Ingested…

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