A History & Religion Of India Essay
1857, The Sepoy Rebellion. To regard the rebellion merely as a sepoy mutiny is to underestimate the root causes leading to it. British paramountcy—i.e., the belief in British dominance in Indian political, economic, and cultural life—had been introduced in India about 1820. The British increasingly used a variety of tactics to seize control of the Hindu princely states that were under what were called secondary alliances with the British. Everywhere British officials were replacing the old Indian aristocracy.
1876, the British Parliament gave Queen Victoria the title Empress of India. In 1877, Benjamin Disraeli, Conservative Prime Minister, had Queen Victoria proclaimed as Empress of India. India was already under crown control after 1858, but this title was a gesture to link the monarchy with the empire further and bind India more closely to Britain.
The Royal Titles Bill was brought before Parliament in 1876. It faced opposition from Liberals who feared…